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What is Hydraulic Fracturing?

If you’d look at the world’s economy, you will eventually see the huge increase in oil prices for the past decades. Spikes in prices is more than enough to trigger an economic recession not only in the US but worldwide. Just a minor disruption of oil supply abroad can increase the oil prices. Now, in an effort to deal with this ongoing problem, the US realized that they have to diversify their energy sources by means of buying crude oil from other countries while advancing the use of local sources of coal, natural gas and oil. The stress related to oil scarcity contributed to the promotion of using natural gas.

Extracting natural gas from shale needs the use of advanced technology similar to hydraulic fracturing. This means using several vacuum trucks to help in the removal, storage as well as transportation of both nonhazardous and hazardous waste material. The following is a brief info about the extraction of natural gas.

Majority of the oil wells you’d find in the US make use of hydraulic fracturing to be able extract large quantities of natural gas; a process that involves the introduction of billions of gallons of water, propellants, proprietary chemicals and sand. These substances are then injected by making use of high pressure to be able to stimulate and to crack the shale which will eventually open fissures that will allow natural gas to flow to the surface.

When the boring process is done, the well stimulation takes place almost immediately. In the target zones, the perforated steel pipes will be inserted. The sand, propellants and water will be injected next as soon as the pipes are positioned. The pressure created will be using this process to cause cracks to shale that will allow fluid and gas to flow back to well after the stimulation process stops. The back flow of fluids will go to its designated tanks that are then transported to right treatment facility for proper disposal.

In extracting trillions of cubic feet of natural gas and billions of oil barrels, hydraulic fracturing is one innovative technique used by the US. There are multiple states in the US that actually have abundant natural gas and this requires well stimulation practice and proper transportation system to take care of waste disposal, water hauling for drilling and cleanups of spills.

Hydraulic fracturing is best performed when using vacuum trucks for its safe transportation and at the same time, removal of fluids going to the authorized facilities. So for proper operation of hydraulic fracturing, it’s tasked only to experienced people.

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